Maharashtra is a land of many Bhakti poet saint. Sant Tukaram of Dehu is among the tallest saints amongst them. He’s finest identified for his Abhangs which are fondly sung in concert events in addition to Kirtans.
Since most of their works are primarily out there solely in Marathi, I’ve not learn them but. I do hearken to Abahngas on and off, purely for his or her devotional emotion. My seek for the translated works of Tukaram ji took me to his village in Dehu.
All I knew about Sant Tukaram was his picture carrying an Ektara in his fingers, identical to Meera Bai who should have been his up to date. My quest was to know him and his works.
Devotional Historical past of Dehu
Sant Tukaram lived within the first a part of 17th CE. Dehu was already often known as Sri Kshetra or a sacred place expensive to Pandurang Vithal. We all know that Pandharpur is the abode of Vishnu within the Swaroop of Vithal the place is worshipped along with his consort Rakhma. Then, how come Dehu got here to be often known as sacred.
Dehu is positioned on the banks of Indrayani River that’s related to the story of arrival of Indra. It’s a tributary of the Bhima River on whose banks we discover the Bhimashankar Jyotirlinga.
Sant Tukaram is the eighth-generation descendant of Vishambhar Buva who lived in Dehu. He was an ardent devotee of Pandurang and used to go to Pandharpur each Ekadashi or the 11th day of every fortnight. Ekadashi as we all know is the day on which all Vishnu devotees quick or at the very least observe austerities.
As he grew previous, it grew to become troublesome for him to go to Pandharpur. He turned to Pandurang or Vithoba and sought his steerage. Vithoba appeared in his dream and requested him to search for a spot the place he would discover Tulsi leaves, flowers and Bukka, and dig there. Vishambhar Buva went searching for the three issues within the morning.
In the course of a Mango Orchard, he discovered the three issues. When he dug up the place, he discovered the Murtis of Vithal and Rakma. Certainly, the Devta has determined to return to the devotee because the latter was incapable of touring anymore.
The Murtis have been formally put in and a temple was constructed round them, proper on the banks of Indrayani river. The Murtis are thought of Swayambhu or self-manifested.
Tukaram was born in a affluent home, and learnt buying and selling and agriculture from his father. He misplaced is mother and father early and took on the accountability of household enterprise. He was excellent at it. Nonetheless, a sequence of sudden deaths within the household made him indifferent.
He sat and meditated on Bhangiri hill for 15 days with out consuming something. When he got here down, he had the glow of a saint. He began composing and singing Abhangs or devotional songs. He was deeply influenced by the works of Sant Dhyaneshwar, Namdev, Eknath and Kabir.
As soon as after a tiff, he threw all of the books of his Abhang in Indrayani River, and sat on a stone by the river, for meditating. He sat with out meals and water for 13 days. His books floated atop the river with none harm. The identical stone is now enshrined in a temple.
It’s mentioned that Sant Tukaram, left this world, alongside along with his physique whereas singing kirtan. That’s the reason there isn’t a Samadhi of his anyplace.
Dehu, thus is the place the place Sant Tukaram was born and lived all his life.
Dehu is located near Pune, nearly 30 kms. So, I took a cab and drove all the way down to this small city on the banks of Indrayani River.
Guided by Google, I first reached the comparatively new Gatha Mandir. Strolling via the stalls promoting the sugarcane juice, I entered the premises in all white. On my proper was an enormous temple.
I questioned if Tukaram ji would have ever lived in such an opulent place. It jogged my memory of Kabir Chauraha in Varanasi, which was manner opulent for the simplicity we see in Kabir’s phrases.
Climbing the steps, flanked by two large elephant figures, I entered the large octagonal corridor. Within the center there’s a big Murti of Sant Tukaram made in Panchdhatu or an alloy of 5 metals. In a sitting posture, he’s seen engrossed in devotion, with Ektara in a single hand and Pothi or the manuscript in entrance of him.
Surrounding him are the chambers with marble partitions, with 4145 of his Abhangas written on them. 108 Namavali or names of Sant Tukaram additionally adorn the partitions. In between, there are work that depict among the scenes from his works. The works unfold throughout two flooring.
On the primary ground there’s a temple devoted to the Ishta of Sant Tukaram – Pandurang Vithal and Rakma Bai. You may stroll round and really feel the enormity of the work he has left behind.
I used to be reminded of Tulsi Das’s Temple in Varanasi and Valmiki Temple in Ayodhya, which have the entire of Ramcharitmanas and Ramayana written on their partitions.
There are large panels depicting the completely different avatars of Vishnu.
A board fantastically describes Gatha Mandir as:
Dana Tirtha of the rich
Cultural middle for the general public
Sacred place for the devotees
Wealth of the Varkaris
Delight of Maharashtra
Essence of India
Guiding Mild for everybody
Gurukul, Annapurna Bhavan and Gaushala
Near the Gatha Mandir, and inside its campus is a Sant Tukobaraya Gurukul for college students. I didn’t go inside, however from outdoors it appeared fairly trendy and effectively maintained.
Little forward, there may be Matoshri Bahinabai Annapurna Bhavan that serves meals to the visiting devotees. You may donate however there isn’t a ticket to eat. On the primary ground of this corridor is one other corridor the place devotional gatherings happen. A continuous sankirtan of Jai Jai Ram Krishna Hari is broadcasted for the remainder of the campus. I at all times like stay Kirtans. Watch this one from Ayodhya.
Little forward is a Shridhara Goshala or the cowshed, overlooking the river.
You miss the greenery and bushes round the primary Gatha Mandir, however I consider that it’s nonetheless a piece in progress and bushes would come up in time. For extra particulars take a look at their web site.
Vithal Mandir on Banks of Indrayani
Proper subsequent to the Gatha Mandir in Dehu, on the banks of Indrayani River is a small however previous temple devoted to Vithal and Rukmini. It’s essential to take the steps down the ghat to achieve this temple. Stone pavilions exist across the temple for the pilgrims to sit down and calm down.
The small temple has Murtis of Vithal- Rakma, previous stone Murtis of Ganesh and Hanuman and plenty of bushes round. There weren’t many individuals right here. I discovered it a particularly peaceable place, good to sit down and meditate or simply replicate. The calming water of Indrayani and the light gaze of Vithoba make you are feeling part of the atmosphere.
A small store right here sells the small memento Murtis of Vithal-Rakma, Sant Tukaram and Sant Dhyaneshwar Maharaj.
Jagatguru Sant Sri Tukaram Maharaj Samsthan
That is the primary temple that was constructed by Vishambhar Bhuva, the ancestor of Sant Tukaram. It’s a typical Maharashtrian model temple in stone. An arch on the primary highway tells you the path of the temple. A Mahadwar with a Murti of Sant Tukaram on high welcomes you into the temple premises.
Very first thing I noticed contained in the temple is a small Hanuman temple. Then there’s a Ram Mandir. Within the center is a temple, with the Vithoba-Rakma Murti that was obtained at this spot. The temple is gorgeous with numerous carvings. One can assume that it’s 200 years older than the instances of Sant Tukaram, making it a 15th CE temple.
Stone steps from the temple result in the river, although the entry from right here just isn’t open as of now. Within the hall surrounding the temple, you possibly can see panels depicting the lifetime of Sant Tukaram.
Tukaram Maharaj Shila Mandir
This is a crucial temple on the aspect of the Vithoba temple. It enshrines the Shila or stone slab on which Tukaram Ji meditated for 13 days. No marvel, it’s sacred spot for his devotees.
Within the nook, a small temple homes the handwritten manuscript of Tukaram ji’s works.
There’s a lamp put up or Deepshikha in typical Maharashtrian model and a Tulsi Vrindavan within the temple premises. Beneath a tree, there’s a Garuda temple.
Within the mandapa, you see the silver Palki. I assume it’s the one for Wari Pilgrimage. An ektara is hanging on the wall, however I couldn’t work out if it certainly belongs to Tukaram ji.
Journey Ideas for Visiting Dehu
Dehu may be very near Pune. You may simply do it as a day journey from Pune.
There are primary juice and fruit stalls round temples. I’m not positive of fine joints. I didn’t see any.
Entry to all of the locations is free. You supply what you want to supply.
Temples are open via the day.
Temples entice big crowds on Ekadashi and on the day Wari Palki leaves for Pandharpur. So, plan accordingly.