Do you wish to know the distinction between Canon EF vs EF-S lenses?
This is usually a complicated matter, particularly for
photographers who’ve solely simply bought a Canon DSLR.
That’s why we’ve put collectively this
information–which is able to inform you every little thing that you must find out about EF lenses, EF-S
lenses, and the variations between them.
By the point you’ve completed, you’ll know
whether or not an EF or an EF-S lens is best for you.
Understanding Lens Mounts
First issues first:
If you wish to perceive the distinction
between EF and EF-S lenses, you’ve acquired to grasp lens mounts.
What’s a Lens Mount?
The lens mount is the place the place a lens and a
digicam are available contact. Technically talking, each the digicam and lens comprise
a part of the mount–and these two options mix to create a working setup.
Observe that completely different lens mounts are created by
completely different producers. A Canon lens mount is completely different from a Nikon lens
mount which is completely different from a Sony lens mount.
The EF vs EF-S distinction is an instance of
this final situation. Canon makes each of those lens mounts, however one is designed
to mount on full-frame DSLRs, whereas the opposite is designed to mount on APS-C
A Historical past of EF Lens Mounts
EF lenses go all the way in which again to 1987, whereas
EF-S lenses are a lot newer (they have been created in 2003).
The identify ‘EF’ comes from the mechanics of the
lens: EF lenses embrace an ‘Electro-Focus’ motor, which permits for digital
focus to be carried out by the lens itself.
Previous to utilizing the EF mount, Canon had been producing cameras and lenses that interfaced by way of the FD mount. This mount required that the autofocus motor be housed within the digicam fairly than the lens.
EF vs EF-S Lenses
When EF-S lenses have been first produced by Canon within the early 2000s, many EF lenses have been already on the scene.
However what’s the distinction between these two
In essentially the most fundamental sense:
EF lenses are produced for Canon’s full-frame DSLRs. EF-S lenses are produced for Canon’s APS-C DSLRs.
Whereas there may be a variety of EF lenses, many
of them are designed with superior amateurs and professionals in thoughts.
However, EF-S lenses are designed to reap the benefits of the smaller APS-C sensor measurement. Canon additionally designed EF-S lenses to consider the completely different wants of APS-C customers.
Can I Use EF Lenses on Crop
In case you’re making an attempt to determine whether or not to purchase an
EF lens or an EF-S lens, it is a important query.
Can you employ an EF lens on a crop-sensor digicam, or do they solely work on full-frame our bodies?
Fortuitously, it’s attainable to make use of an EF lens
on a crop-sensor digicam. Nonetheless, there are a number of advantages and downsides to
First, an EF lens may have a narrower subject
of view on an APS-C digicam. For wildlife and sports activities photographers who require a
lot of attain, that is extraordinarily useful.
For example, a 300mm EF lens finally ends up with a subject of view equal to a 480mm lens on an Canon APS-C digicam.
See additionally: Greatest All-Round Canon Lens
Second, EF lenses are likely to have a extra strong
construct than their EF-S counterparts. Many EF lenses, comparable to Canon’s L lenses,
are constructed with professionals in thoughts, and may deal with the trials of significant use.
Whereas the slim subject of view on an APS-C
digicam could also be appreciated by some photographers, others–primarily panorama
and architectural photographers–will need the widest subject of view attainable.
So should you’re a panorama or architectural shooter, otherwise you simply need an ultra-wide angle perspective, it’s higher to make use of a full-frame digicam with EF lenses.
See additionally: Greatest Extensive Angle Lens for Canon
Plus, EF lenses are far more costly than
EF-S lenses. In case you’re on a price range, you’ll respect the cash it can save you by
buying EF lenses as an alternative.
Can I Use EF-S Lenses on
That is determined by the lens.
EF-S lenses have a tendency to stay out farther the place
they interface with the digicam. If the mount on the EF-S lens is lengthy sufficient,
it will possibly come into contact with the digicam mirror, inflicting the digicam to interrupt.
Nonetheless, not all EF-S lenses have this downside. Some EF-S lenses have mounts that may interface with out damaging the mirror.
So, assuming that you just’re utilizing an EF-S lens
that safely mounts on a full-frame digicam, you’ll wish to take into consideration these key
advantages and downsides:
EF-S lenses are usually less expensive than the
corresponding EF choices, so an EF-S lens is usually a good price range choice.
EF-S lenses are additionally extra compact in comparison with
EF lenses, which is able to assist photographers who journey regularly.
There’s one huge situation that comes with utilizing an
EF-S lens on a full-frame physique:
They’re designed to mission the picture onto a
smaller (APS-C) sensor.
Which signifies that an EF-S lens mounted onto a full-frame digicam gives you a heavy vignette, like this:
You’re free to crop this out in post-processing.
However along with including time to your modifying workflow, you’ll lose
pixels–which might slim your printing choices, amongst different issues.
Ought to I Purchase EF or EF-S Lenses
for my APS-C Digital camera?
You probably have an APS-C digicam, then you definitely’re free
to buy both EF or EF-S lenses. Each will interface simply superb along with your
So it’s actually all about your wants as a
For Sports activities and Wildlife
In case you’re seeking to do wildlife, sports activities, or chicken pictures, then buying an EF super-telephoto lens is a good concept. There are actually no EF-S substitutes for these lenses, plus a 400mm EF lens may have the sphere of view of a 640mm lens on an APS-C digicam.
For Panorama, Structure, and
If you wish to do any kind of pictures that includes a wide-angle lens, then I like to recommend EF-S lenses.
Canon producers some nice wide-angle EF-S glass. And panorama photographers in addition to journey photographers typically spend hours or days within the subject, the place a lightweight setup is important.
For Portrait and Informal
In case you’re capturing portraits or walkaround
pictures on an APS-C digicam, EF-S lenses is usually a nice alternative.
They’re low cost, they’re optically spectacular,
they usually’re small–which makes them an ideal choice for both of these kinds of
Understanding Canon EF-M Mount and
Along with its EF and EF-S lenses, Canon
produces one other lens lineup:
These are designed to work on Canon EOS M
APS-C mirrorless our bodies, not DSLRs.
Nonetheless, Canon presents an adapter that enables
you to mount EF and EF-S lenses on a Canon EOS M physique.
Canon EF vs EF-S Lenses: Conclusion
Hopefully, you now perceive the important thing
variations between EF vs EF-S lenses.
You also needs to perceive why EF lenses and EF-S lenses have their place, no matter your digicam physique.
As a result of each provide some nice optics!